Katniss, Hermione, ‘Brave’: Defiant girls with old souls rule

April 05, 2012 | 12:47 p.m.
girls intro Katniss, Hermione, Brave: Defiant girls with old souls rule

Girl Power: Hollywood's young heroines come to their own rescue. (Universal Pictures; Columbia Pictures; Lionsgate)

hungergames Katniss, Hermione, Brave: Defiant girls with old souls rule

Jennifer Lawrence, "The Hunger Games": A heroine for economic end-times: She steals glory from the rich, gives hope to the poor. (Murray Close/Lionsgate)

kickass Katniss, Hermione, Brave: Defiant girls with old souls rule

Chloë Grace Moretz, "Kick-Ass": An 11-year-old killing machine who could beat Samuel L. Jackson in a cussing contest. (Dan Smith/Lionsgate)

hanna Katniss, Hermione, Brave: Defiant girls with old souls rule

Saoirse Ronan, "Hanna": A Jason Bourne for the high school set -- but she was homeschooled in frosty Finland's wilderness. (Alex Bailey/Focus Features)

harrypotter2 Katniss, Hermione, Brave: Defiant girls with old souls rule

Emma Watson, "Harry Potter" films: Smart, ethical, loyal, outspoken and courageous? Yes, a magical mix. (Jaap Buitendijk/Warner Bros.)

dragontat split Katniss, Hermione, Brave: Defiant girls with old souls rule

Noomi Rapace and Rooney Mara, "The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo" (2007 and 2011): Gets control back through dark revenge, but scars remain. (Knut Koivisto/Music Box Films; Baldur Bragason/Columbia Pictures)

huntsman41 Katniss, Hermione, Brave: Defiant girls with old souls rule

Kristen Stewart, "Snow White and the Huntsman": Armored up, she's more Joan of Arc than Bella Swan. (Universal Pictures)

truegrit Katniss, Hermione, Brave: Defiant girls with old souls rule

Hailee Steinfeld, "True Grit": Braids and brains, Mattie Ross is the best of the Old West. (Paramount Pictures)

suckerpunch Katniss, Hermione, Brave: Defiant girls with old souls rule

Emily Browning, "Sucker Punch": Exploitation or liberation? Babydoll's real fight might be against her own script. (Warner Bros.)

brave Katniss, Hermione, Brave: Defiant girls with old souls rule

Kelly Macdonald, "Brave": Cranky forest-girl with a bow? Maybe Scotland is District 14? (Disney/Pixar)

ironman Katniss, Hermione, Brave: Defiant girls with old souls rule

Scarlett Johansson, "The Avengers": Holds her own with an Asgardian, a super-soldier and Tony Stark. ("Iron Man 2"/Francois Duhamel/Marvel Entertainment)

Not without fanfare, Katniss Everdeen has taken her place in a pop culture lineage of new millennial vintage. Like Harry Potter and Bella Swan before her, the protagonist of “The Hunger Games” transfers from the pages of young-adult fiction to the big screen as nothing less than a pre-engineered box-office phenomenon. And as with all such YA juggernauts, the merits of the first adaptation of novelist Suzanne Collins’ trilogy are debatable (and for many fans, beside the point).

Less in doubt is Katniss’ place at the forefront of a growing number of movie characters who happen to be tough young women and who don’t need to be rehabilitated for it.

From the no-nonsense muscularity of her name to her peerless skills as an archer, Katniss (portrayed by Jennifer Lawrence) is an avatar of strength and purpose — without the once-requisite “for a girl” qualifiers. That’s no small thing in an age of Kardashians as role models (one of Collins’ most penetrating conceptions is the way “Hunger Games” pushes reality-TV inanity to the darkest extreme), or at a time when even educated people still use such antediluvian phrases as “woman doctor.”

It also marks the stirrings of a potential sea change for Hollywood, which in recent decades has tended to punish female independence or temper it with the ribbons and bows of romantic bliss.

Even among the frillier and more tradition-steeped elements of this emerging band of heroines, girls are engaging in hand-to-hand combat as they take on injustice, hypocrisy and all-around evil. Whether they’re ordinary girls thrust into extraordinary circumstances or princesses cast out of the castle, they’re not waiting for a shiny-armored knight to save the

mirrormirror3 Katniss, Hermione, Brave: Defiant girls with old souls rule

Armie Hammer and Lily Collins in "Mirror Mirror." (Jan Thijs/Relativity Media)

No less an iconic princess than Snow White is flexing muscle in her latest big-screen incarnations, one of which finds Kristen Stewart transitioning from Bella’s mooning and swooning in the “Twilight” series — essentially a Gothicized romance novel — to an action hero. They’re in works of disparate tone, but Lily Collins’ Snow White in the recently released “Mirror Mirror” and the one played by Stewart in the upcoming “Snow White and the Huntsman” are both evolutionary leaps from the folk-tale character’s angelic passivity. Righteous and wronged, Grimm’s Snow White spends a considerable length of time preserved in a glass coffin — “as still as a gold piece,” as the poet Anne Sexton described her.

Such suspended animation is not a viable option for Katniss, who’s forced into gladiatorial combat. But even for characters facing less violent coming-of-age struggles, sitting pretty is not an option. The headstrong teen at the center of the summer release “Brave,” a cartoon princess who’s also an archer, will do nothing less than “challenge destiny to change her fate.”

And in “Pennyroyal’s Princess Boot Camp,” a kids’ fantasy book optioned for the screen by Reese Witherspoon, girls learn to be warriors, the better to battle a coven of wicked witches. No doubt they’re picking up the fiery baton of grass-roots grrl power, but rocking a crinoline and tiara isn’t enough for today’s princesses.

In our fictions, if not in our tabloids, to be blinged out is to be less than genuine. Katniss, a character defined by her unwavering inner compass and not her appearance, stands in opposition to those who worship at the church of fashionable conformity and celebrity-branded consumerism.

effietrinket Katniss, Hermione, Brave: Defiant girls with old souls rule

Effie Trinket (Elizabeth Banks, left) and Katniss Everdeen (Jennifer Lawrence) in "The Hunger Games." (Lionsgate)

It’s not merely because she lacks the means to indulge, but because she has the intelligence and self-possession to see through the vanity. The garishly girlie Effie Trinket is her antithesis. Humanized on the pages of “Hunger Games,” she’s a gargoyle of a government stooge in Gary Ross’ film, portrayed by Elizabeth Banks with the frenzied emptiness that puts Katniss’ old soul in sharp relief.

These girls grow up fast. “Huntsman” costume designer Colleen Atwood has said that her guiding concept was “someone who is tough and who had had a journey already at a very young age.” That notion of hard-earned wisdom so early in life is the essence of Katniss Everdeen, a character famously summarized by another as “sullen and hostile.”

It’s hardly an unusual description for a 16-year-old girl, but the particulars of Katniss’ situation turn an intended insult into a compliment of the highest order. How else would a thinking, feeling person respond to the realities of a brutal authoritarian state and a devastated home front? Katniss’ unsentimental edge is her most striking quality, more so in Collins’ books than in the first installment of the four-movie franchise. She’s a hunter, in sync with nature, her instinct for survival a rebuke to the cruelty of the man-made world. But although she’s guarded, she hasn’t lost the capacity for kindness.

Her maternal side — though she would cringe to hear it described that way — is expressed primarily in her tenderness toward younger children, not in a fussy way but with a sturdiness that’s grounded and reassuring. It’s one of Katniss’ chief strengths and surely her most poignant.

wintersbone Katniss, Hermione, Brave: Defiant girls with old souls rule

Jennifer Lawrence in "Winter's Bone." (Lionsgate)

Like the Ozark teen Lawrence played in “Winter’s Bone,” she had to step into the void left by the loss of a father and a mother’s inability to cope. She does it without complaint, even as she’s fueled by anger. She possesses a marrow-deep understanding of the rottenness that surrounds her and is understandably wary.

For characters facing life-defining tests, like Katniss, such suspicion is key to self-preservation. It can also be a defining strategy of adolescence, a way of gauging not just external truth but personal identity, which is no doubt a big part of why the “Hunger Games” books have connected so resoundingly with tweens and teens, both male and female.

Translated from inner monologue to onscreen action, Katniss’ untamed quest for justice has lost some of its potency, which is no surprise in an event movie like “Hunger Games.” The risk remains that Katniss — and her inevitable imitators — could turn into distaff versions of gunslinger clichés, their very particular fury traded in for a more generic and accessible brand.

The outrage that drives unlikely Katniss compatriot Lisbeth Salander, a.k.a. the girl with the dragon tattoo, has so far defied reduction in the move from bestsellers to screen (particularly in the ferocity of Noomi Rapace in the trilogy of Swedish films). Lisbeth is by no means a YA heroine, but she is, like Katniss, an unprecedented creation of take-no-prisoners intensity. And she, too, is a kind of hunter in a world gone mad.

For this new breed of young female characters, the serious business of resisting malevolent or controlling forces is not all dystopian doom, however, and it doesn’t have to express itself in stoicism, ruthlessness or murderous rage.

There’s magic, too, in those trials and tribulations. Emma Watson’s Hermione Granger in the “Harry Potter” films might not seem an obvious precursor of Katniss — a wand-wielding witch to her coal miner’s daughter. But she, more than the adolescent killing machines of “Hanna“ and “Kick-Ass,” is a paradigm of strength in conflicted emotional territory.

harrypotter Katniss, Hermione, Brave: Defiant girls with old souls rule

Emma Watson, left, portrays Hermione Granger in "Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban." (Murray Close/Warner Bros.)

Hermione never tunes down her braininess for the sake of being more unthreateningly “ladylike” or less annoying, no matter how many rolled eyes she provokes. She stands her ground, learns to focus her exceptional powers and proves essential to Harry’s, and Hogwarts’, epic struggle against darkness.

Hermione finds romance, too, but it’s not the grand prize that satisfies all her longings. And when Collins makes romantic yearning a key thread in “The Hunger Games,” she gives it a postmodern twist by adding layers of reality-TV performance and self-awareness: young love as both media fodder and real awakening. But romance sells, and in the big-screen version that angle is sweetened, its edges smoothed, even if Katniss isn’t awaiting a princely kiss as the final, puzzle-solving piece of her story.

From her ravaged future world, Katniss arrives in the multiplex as a fresh emblem, if not a fully realized cinematic creation. Through the books she already has staked a claim in the imaginations of girls and boys, women and men. And for now, she holds the mainstream movie spotlight as a vision of youthful defiance — feminine, unorthodox and unapologetic.

— Sheri Linden


hungergames tall Katniss, Hermione, Brave: Defiant girls with old souls ruleJosh Hutcherson on Peeta, Jennifer Lawrence

Hermione Granger through the years gallery

Photos: Hogwarts professors and first-class actors

‘Hunger Games’: Woody Harrelson talks Haymitch

Gary Ross on hunting the job, Jennifer Lawrence

Matt Lewis: Neville becomes a resistance leader

‘Hunger Games’: See Katniss, Rue and more

Collins: Jennifer Lawrence is ‘beautiful’

Jason Isaacs says Draco Malfoy is ‘true hero’

Alan Rickman looks back on decade of dark magic

Harry Potter collected: Every interview, photo, app


29 Responses to Katniss, Hermione, ‘Brave’: Defiant girls with old souls rule

  1. Suua P. says:

    Katniss Everdeen/Jennifer Lawrence is my most favorite of them all! Katniss kicks serious butt!

  2. caroline bock says:

    Katniss Everdeen is the antidote to all the gossip girl, pretty little liars, housewives simpering cat fighters out there in pop culture. May the odds always be with her. Truly, the author of LIE (another critically acclaimed young adult novel).

    • Lucy says:

      I actually find Pretty Little Liars to be more subversive than The Hunger Games. These four girls are being targeted by an unknown enemy who attempts to punish them for their sexuality and femininity. Who blackmails them into staying quiet, and who no one believes them about, anyway. The men in their lives, who traditionally are thought of as protectors, are working with the enemy, so the only ones they can really trust are each other. These girls use the expectation that they will turn on each other (or "catfight") against that enemy and fight back without sacrificing their femininity. Even if they find out who killed their friend and who is doing this to them, these girls will suffer from PTSD for the rest of their lives due to this experience. In other words, the show acts as a metaphor for how society trains teenage girls to be silent about the misogyny that is so pervasive in our culture.

  3. Glendale says:

    Next: try Grace Sundown, in "Deep Creek." Now there's a self-made heroine. (Native American, too.)

  4. Lisa says:

    Great, but I'm not sure these kick-ass heroines are as positive as people think. When movies make girls unrealistically macho and brave (braver than any real-life boy that age would be), they're subtly reinforcing the idea that traditional macho masculinity is the ideal. It's just one more way that society reviles anything "feminine." Many of these so-called female empowerment movies don't even pass the Bechdel test.

    • Terrils says:

      Agreed. I also wonder about the message some girls might take from silly headlines such as "defiant girls." It's good to defy evil or abuse. To be defiant as a way of going through the world is simply self-centered. Is that a nuance young girls will perceive?

    • Elexus Calcearius says:

      I agree that its bad to say they "strong women have to be masculine!", but I don't think that's what a lot of these are saying. Hermione usually was a bit too busy to worry about looks, but she was a very caring individual, and when she did get dressed up enjoyed it. Katniss also showed a little bit of indulgent at dressing up, although not a lot, since, y'know, fighting for her life. Stepping up to protect her family and a deep love for children are things usually associated with classic femininity.

      As for the Bechdel test- its true, quite a few of them don't pass. While I always try to judge media by how it passes, you also have to acknowledge that its not a perfect indicator of feminist it is. Movies which pass the test can in fact have very bad portrayals of women, and vice versa.

      However, if you want an example of a youth-aimed series with strong female heroes (and villains) which run the guantlet from girly-girl to tomboy, and are all very empowered characters, I'd suggest "Avatar: The Last Airbender", and its new sequel series "The Legend of Korra".

  5. rices says:

    I think it's strange that every single one of these women is white. Shows you that things still need to change.

    • Really? says:

      If all you see is skin color, then the movies were not meant for you anyway.

      • mirage358 says:

        I'm a white man, and even I recognize that when people who look like you are never represented among the "winners," anywhere in the global storytelling medium, it subtly sends the message that people who like like you are not "winners."

        These are all great movies, to be applauded for their advancement of women, but that doesn't justify derailing a call for more representation for other disparaged groups.

      • Terrils says:

        Easy to say when every hero and heroine you see looks like you. Think about a world where every representation of what's good and right DOESN'T look like you. Think about being raised in that world, where you almost never see yourself represented at all, and when you do it's usually negatively.

      • C3PO says:

        Maybe parents should stop their kids from idolizing the famous "ones that don't look like me" that they all look up to. These actors and actresses and rappers just keep the stereo types going strong.

    • Katherine says:

      Rue is black in the Hunger Games

  6. Anon says:

    Good article, but this read more like a comparative essay in a high school English class than an article for the LA Times.

  7. Shannon says:

    Katniss isn't white in the books; she's brown.

    • mirage358 says:

      She's described as olive-toned, specifically, so probably closer to Mediterranean/Middle-Eastern, possibly Native American.

      • timetravellingbunny says:

        Native American and Middle-Eastern people usually don't have grey eyes. So, no. And Mediterranean people are, well, definitely white, unless you think that only "Nordic" types qualify as white.

    • timetravellingbunny says:

      You obviously don't know what "olive skinned" means.

  8. Anon says:

    Bella swan is not a strong female character, she is weak and wishy washy. She is completely dependent on her male counterpart. She lacks any will or personality of her own, the whole twilight series for me is poison for young young girls.

    • Anon's Wrong says:

      you should try reading them then. she's hardly different from these other lame snowflakes.. she's a tomboy who'd rather be reading books or fixing her truck than shopping and playing with makeup. she's one of the boys and kicks butt as a vampire. and shame on you for shaming a woman who needs a man (not that she does, though her fixation on ed is worrying to say the least).

      you, cowardly anon, are a misogynist is all.

  9. Julia says:

    Okay, so I'm a girly-girl at heart. I love pink, I love to play with my hair and paint my nails, but I have a kick-ass job. I have studied in college predominantly male fields such as biological engineering and sustainable forestry. I wear the work boots all day and put on my dainty dress as soon as I'm off the clock. I also foster more traditional views of having a man to take hold my hand when I'm afraid or rescue me, even when I can do it myself. Because of this I still manage to either scare men away or not be taken seriously. Then again I am in the southern United States and considered way past my prime and over educated with two bachelor degrees and a master's. I guess we ladies just come in all shapes and varieties…

  10. Alex says:

    This article lost all credibility when it included Bella. Katniss is strong, sure. But even she was bothered with 2 boys and choosing between them. Hermione would have to be near the top for sure, she never breaks under pressure but no one comes close to Salander. She’s amazing in every sense of the word and for the most part never had anyone to rely on like all the other girls. O…and if u guys wanna get technical. Katniss was neither white NOR brown…she was described as “olive skin”…so, green?

    • timetravellingbunny says:

      Olive skinned is a term applied to a beige tone of skin that can be lighter or darker, and is used for, say, Mediterranean people. (Actually, her description of dark hair, olive skin, grey eyes could be describing Olga Kurylenko or Ana Ivanovic.) And she, and the rest of the Seam, also have grey eyes, which means the options are limited to white or mixed race. (Of course, with Katniss, she has to be at least partially white in any case, since her mother obviously is; but the rest of the Seam also has grey eyes.) Add to that the fact that Suzanne Collins said that Katniss and Gale were not supposed to be "mixed race" in today's sense of the word, although there has been lots of "racial mixing" in general in future.

      The whole quasi-controversy about Katniss' supposed non-whiteness is a little baffling, especially when you compare it to the lack of any protest over the continuing whitewashing of Heathcliff's character in every single adaptation of Wuthering Heights except one (he's definitely not supposed to be white, and it's a major part of his story).

  11. Teto says:

    Hayao Miyazaki’s heroines have been defiant girls and not so helpless since he started in manga and anime in the 1970s.

    • Your Sexism Sucks says:

      and boring as hell.

      also, three words: Sophie and Sen.

      and shame on YOU for shaming women who need help. how disgustingly sexist of you.

  12. Kayla says:

    Just love The Hunger Gaames. Before i siad whatever to my friends that were like " you have to read it", but know i just can't get rid of it i ahve read all three books and readin them again.

  13. courtney thornton says:

    hunger games!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  14. Ananisapta says:

    What males Katniss a great role-model is not that she's so strong but that she uses her strength with such compassion.

  15. Enough Mary Sues says:

    Lame, cliche special snowflakes "who don't NEED no man!!11!1!ONE!!!". YAWN. A bunch of Mary Sues who are sexistly and unrealistically better than men at EVERYTHING, are ALWAYS right, and only "win" against their enemies because they're incompetent and often straw bad guy caricatures (cough Umbridge). Hermione is a know it all, Katniss is a man with boobs. Stop. Just stop. Try INTERESTING and realistic women with flaws- Mary Lennox, Princess Aurora, Cinderella, Snow White, Meg March, Amy March, Sansa Stark. Sansa is particularly great because unlike her Mary Sue little sister who can magically kill men twice her size and always have a sassy comeback at age 9, Sansa has little to no help while she is stuck in a viper's pit. she has to use her mind to get out and never loses who she is despite the horrors she's faced. she likes fairy tales, fashion, beauty, and handsome men. How dare she.

    the only interesting one on the list is Bella, who is every idiot on the internet's punching bag for no reason other than it's "cool" and "hip" for the intellectually obese to hate on to feel good about themselves.

    "Defiant" is codeword for rebellious, selfish brat who has to have her way and is a terrible role model. Look up to girls who are intellectual and not terrified of acting like girls. Ones who don't need to unrealistically kick a man's butt and sass their captors but feel REAL, not your misogynist feminist fantasy. You want Mary Sues, not strong women.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

E-mail It
Powered by ShareThis